Fiorentina boss Montella: Very satisfying to beat AC Milan at San Siroby Carlos Volcanoa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveFiorentina boss Vincenzo Montella was delighted with their 3-1 win at AC Milan.Mateo Musacchio was sent off and Gianluigi Donnarumma saved a penalty for Milan, yet the visitors were comfortable winners.“It wasn’t perfect, because at 3-0 up we should’ve been more concentrated, but it was a lovely night in front of 50,000 at San Siro, so we’re happy,” Montella told Sky Sport Italia.“It is satisfying to have won in this stadium. Someone asked if it was my best victory since returning to Fiorentina – it’s one of my only victories!“I have absolutely no feeling of revenge towards Milan, as we won the Super Cup together, we got along well, we got back into Europe despite not buying any players, so I am grateful to Milan for allowing me to have the role.”Franck Ribery was given a standing ovation by both sets of fans after his goal and when substituted in the final minutes.“I took Ribery off because I expected they’d give him a standing ovation. He is always in the game, always decisive, and has capabilities well beyond the norm, even if he doesn’t have the change of pace he had five or six years ago.” About the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say
Warm Atlantic waters wage a new assault on Arctic ice from below
Sensors on tethered moorings showed warm Atlantic currents creeping into part of the Arctic Ocean. Warm Atlantic waters wage a new assault on Arctic ice from below Arctic sea ice is being melted from below because of increased ocean mixing. ©Ilona Goszczko A new enemy is undermining ice floating on the Arctic Ocean: heat from below.Sensors that have plumbed the depths of Arctic seas since 2002 have found warm currents creeping up from the Atlantic Ocean and helping drive the dramatic retreat of sea ice there over the last decade. A new study shows this “Atlantification” of the Arctic Ocean as a new, powerful driver of melting, alongside losses due to rising air temperatures.The paper shows “a massive shift” in the behavior of the Arctic Ocean over a short time, says Finlo Cottier, a physical oceanographer with the Scottish Association for Marine Science in Oban who was not part of the study team. “Here we’re seeing an ocean basin changing on a generational timescale—or less,” he adds.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Deep below the Arctic sits a ridge that splits the ocean roughly in half: The Amerasian basin sits on the North American side, whereas the Eurasian basin lies north of Europe and most of Asia. Both basins are losing ice fast. Across the entirety of the Arctic Ocean, it’s disappearing at an eye-popping rate of 13% per decade since satellite data was available. It has also thinned by 1.7 meters since the 1970s.Warm Atlantic waters, delivered by an offshoot of the Gulf Stream, have long been known to prevent ice formation north of Scandinavia, on the western side of the Eurasian basin. Satellite data show that, in general, sea ice is much more prevalent in the eastern side of the basin, north of Siberia. But over the last decade, ice has also begun to disappear here, too. It used to persist through the sunny summers, allowing several years of ice growth to accumulate. Now, the ice melts in summer, causing the total time without floating ice in the region to jump from less than 1 month per year to more than three. By Eli KintischApr. 6, 2017 , 2:00 PM To understand this new trend, scientists in 2002 began installing sensors on lines tethered to the floor of the Eurasian basin, called moorings. The team relied on a total of nine moorings, augmented with satellite data and sensors bolted below drifting sea ice and along ice frozen to the shore. When they retrieved data from the moorings in 2015, they found that the ocean had experienced a dramatic change over the previous decade, especially during the winter.Between Norway and Greenland in the western Eurasian basin, Atlantic currents flow into the Arctic at a depth of 200 to 250 meters, about 4°C warmer than the surface water. In winter, cold air cools surface waters until they fall and mix with the warm waters below. That creates an overall warmer, well-mixed ocean over the top 250 meters, and one with little sea ice.On the eastern side of the basin, however, the warm Atlantic waters were kept at bay—until recently. The currents lurked at a depth of about 150 meters, but they didn’t mix much with surface layers, because of a barrier called the cold halocline layer (CHL)—a boundary between salty deep waters and fresher water on top. Summer ice, as it forms, rejects salt, leading to the creation of dense, salty waters just below the ice. Those waters are heavier, and as they fall they create a highly stratified ocean. “Previously this monster, Atlantic warm water, was well covered from the surface” by the CHL, says Igor Polyakov, a physical oceanographer at the University of Alaska in Fairbanks, who led the study. “The new data show this layer has disappeared in winter.”The result, he says, is an increased “Atlantification” of the Arctic, where the eastern side of the Eurasian basin is becoming more like the western side, the team reports today in Science. The top of the Atlantic water, according to one mooring, had risen from a depth of 140 meters in the winter of 2003–04 to a depth of 85 meters just a decade later. Without summer sea ice forming to establish the CHL, he says, the ocean mixes more—and less ice forms.On the eastern side of the Eurasian basin, say Polyakov and his colleagues, air temperatures were the main culprit for ice melting in the 2000s. Now, however, they believe air temperatures and warm waters share the blame about equally. Polyakov says a positive feedback loop is underway, in which less summer sea ice will lead to warmer winter waters and even less summer ice in subsequent years. One unknown is how the addition of massive flows of freshwater from Siberian rivers, bolstered by thawing permafrost, could affect the system, says study co-author Eddy Carmack, an oceanographer with Fisheries and Oceans Canada in Sidney. That new freshwater could encourage more sea ice to form on the basin, unless winds wash the new water away. Renato Granieri/Alamy Stock Photo
India-Pak Test series: Team India shakes off recent turmoil to face Pakistan
With the bat MS Dhoni, VVS Laxman, Rahul DravidSo Shoaib Akhtar is beating his chest and M.S. Dhoni is responding with the old, “Oye, see you in the maidan.”Each captain is insisting that the other’s team is the favourite and the two coaches are no doubt in front of their,With the bat MS Dhoni, VVS Laxman, Rahul DravidSo Shoaib Akhtar is beating his chest and M.S. Dhoni is responding with the old, “Oye, see you in the maidan.”Each captain is insisting that the other’s team is the favourite and the two coaches are no doubt in front of their computers studying the correlation of quantum physics with the trajectory of the doosra.Commentators are brushing up their manovygyanik dabaavs or zeheni maslas (psychological pressures/problems) and security agencies are running through monotonous checks, which may or may not include the food tasters from two years ago, called in to take one, absurdly, for the other team.India versus Pakistan – this adrenalin-and-testosterone-fuelled emotional disturbance – is upon us again. This time, without the trappings of history and homecoming that made India’s 2004 tour significant beyond sport. It is now at its most basic: bare-knuckled cricket tempered by a mutual understanding of what it means to play the game in this heated part of the world.”The Pakistani team knows for a fact that India will be a stro nger side on their soil than England was.”ANIL KUMBLE, LEG SPINNER Our most recent memory of the face-off is from last winter when the visitors from Pakistan drew the Tests 1-1 and caned India 4-2 in the ODIs. Doubly strong at home, Pakistan have just demolished England, world cricket’s wannabes brushed aside by the subcontinent’s most potent bowling attack.India have begun to stir slowly, a not unfamiliar team taking shape for the season’s main assignments: Pakistan away and England at home. Recent news from across the border has led to the familiar nervous flurry of 20 questions: Has Shoaib really got it together? How did they get so good? Are our batsmen on top of their game? Does our bowling have real teeth?advertisementAnil Kumble is not the kind to get frazzled by silly questions, even when talking on a hands-free while driving through Bangalore’s rush-hour traffic. “Pakistan knows that India is a stronger side in Pakistan than England is,” says Kumble, who took 15 wickets in three Tests (average 25.9 runs) on the last tour.He will return to Pakistan 15 short of 500 Test wickets, but will count his booty only when it is all ended. “We must not forget that when Pakistan toured we dominated all but two sessions,” he says, his forcefulness a reminder that beating Pakistan is not nuclear fission or psychoanalysis or even fervent prayer.Pakistan may be buoyed by their performance against England but the Indians own a successful blueprint. It was based, says captain Rahul Dravid, on discipline. On playing the first day of every Test exceptionally well, says Kumble.There is a clarity within the core of the team which is reassuring after the bluster from Pakistan and the soaring fog index now present in Indian cricket. V.V.S. Laxman, a man so far removed from hype he might be allergic to it, says, “Big totals in our first innings are key.”Laxman has been doing his share of practice on green wickets at home in Hyderabad, making it a point to put in plenty of early morning hours in the chill and damp, when the ball seams more. It is as close an approximation of the conditions he will find in Lahore and Faisalabad.The cooler weather will help Pakistan’s bowlers bowl longer spells, says former leg spinner Laxman Sivaramakrishnan who splits the odds as 55-45 to Pakistan. India travel with three leftarmers and Ajit Agarkar, but its two-man spin department stacks up stronger.Intikhab Alam, former Pakistan captain and coach, is in favour of playing both spinners. Alam says, “A world class bowler is good enough to bowl on any wicket. I don’t think you can play in Pakistan with one spinner.”The Pakistani press will try to play up the Ganguly affairAlong with putting their mind to finding the perfect balance in the bowling, Indian cricket’s perennial dilemma, the team management will also have to address the minor matter of Sourav Ganguly. The diplomatic negotiation required to figure out where he fits into the playing XI and whether at all he can would stump South Block.”The Pakistani press will pounce on this so everyone concerned has to keep a low profile at the start of the tour,” is former India coach Madan Lal’s advice. Not just the press, Pakistanis everywhere are agog. Alam, now coaching Punjab, suggests, “This scenario is not easy, it is not possible to have harmony in the team after these events.”advertisementSivaramakrishnan would like all concerned “to behave like adults”. He suggests tackling the issue in cricketing terms: “Exactly like an innings which begins with a zero with yesterday’s score forgotten”. It will take some doing as there will no doubt be a few sets of gritted teeth, ruffled feathers and dented egos around. Sometimes the past cannot be forgotten.Sometimes, maybe, it should not be. To a cricketer, the past contains experience and memory, useful tools for what may lie ahead. Those on the 2004 tour did what no Indian side before them could. The power of its memory has not dimmed for some men who were with them on the trip.Manager Ratnakar Shetty, a university professor of chemistry in his regular life, remembers the day India chased 290-plus in the fourth ODI while trailing 1-2 in the series. When four wickets fell for very little and things got tight, Shetty began to fidget. Around him there was complete calm.”Arre relax, professor,” one of the players leaned across and said, “Kaif ko aana hai (Kaif’s got to bat). This match we can’t lose.” They didn’t and sure enough Mohammad Kaif played his part. India would hope its team has packed some of that old assurance in its luggage. Kumble says India has done precisely so for a few seasons now. “You carry a lot of confidence with you by the very fact of winning outside the country.” He has watched India mature as a travelling unit over his 15-year career and says, “It is always difficult to build a foundation. Once that is done, getting a structure up is easy.”Over the next six weeks, India’s structure as a touring team will be put under its most severe stress test yet.